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The Importance of Exercise in Adults with ADHD: Perspectives from Employers, Employees, and Students

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. The disorder is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, which can affect one's academic, social, and occupational performance. While ADHD is commonly associated with children, it also affects adults. Research suggests that exercise can help manage symptoms of ADHD in adults. This article aims to explore the importance of exercise in adults with ADHD from different perspectives such as parents, employers, employees, and students. Additionally, it examines the types of exercises that are beneficial for people with ADHD and the benefits of strength training.


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. The disorder is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, which can affect one's academic, social, and occupational performance. While ADHD is commonly associated with children, it also affects adults. Research suggests that exercise can help manage symptoms of ADHD in adults. This article aims to explore the importance of exercise in adults with ADHD from different perspectives such as parents, employers, employees, and students. Additionally, it examines the types of exercises that are beneficial for people with ADHD and the benefits of strength training.


The Importance of Exercise in Adults with ADHD:


Employers Perspective:

Employers can play a crucial role in accommodating their employees with ADHD. Research suggests that exercise can improve cognitive functioning, which can help employees with ADHD perform better at work. Employers can also provide opportunities for their employees to exercise during the workday, such as gym memberships or on-site exercise classes.


Employees Perspective:

Exercise can help employees with ADHD manage their symptoms and perform better at work. Regular exercise can improve cognitive functioning, which can help employees stay focused and productive throughout the day. Moreover, exercise can also help reduce stress and anxiety, which can be beneficial for employees with ADHD who may experience these symptoms more frequently.


Student Perspective:

ADHD can affect academic performance in students. Regular exercise can improve cognitive functioning, which can help students stay focused and perform better academically. Moreover, exercise can also help reduce stress and anxiety, which can be beneficial for students with ADHD who may experience these symptoms more frequently.


Types of Exercises That Help People with ADHD:

Research suggests that both aerobic exercise and strength training can be beneficial for people with ADHD. Aerobic exercises such as running, swimming, and cycling can help improve cognitive functioning and reduce symptoms of ADHD. Strength training, on the other hand, can improve attention and working memory in people with ADHD.


Benefits of Strength Training: Strength training can be particularly beneficial for people with ADHD. Research suggests that strength training can improve attention and working memory in people with ADHD. Moreover, strength training can also improve mood and reduce anxiety, which can be beneficial for people with ADHD who may experience these symptoms more frequently.


Examples of good exercises for adults with ADHD:

  1. Running: Running is a great way to get aerobic exercise and has been found to be effective in improving ADHD symptoms. Running can be done indoors on a treadmill or outside, and can be easily incorporated into a daily routine.

  2. Cycling: Cycling is another good way to get aerobic exercise and can be done indoors on a stationary bike or outside. Cycling is low-impact and can be a good option for adults with joint pain.

  3. Swimming: Swimming is a low-impact aerobic exercise that can be done in a pool or open water. Swimming can be a good option for adults with joint pain or other physical limitations.

  4. Resistance training: Resistance training, such as weightlifting or bodyweight exercises, can be a good way to improve strength and overall fitness. Resistance training has also been found to improve ADHD symptoms in adults.

  5. Yoga: Yoga is a low-impact exercise that combines physical activity with mindfulness and relaxation techniques. Yoga has been found to improve attention and reduce anxiety in adults with ADHD.


Regular exercise has been found to improve symptoms of ADHD in adults, and can help improve cognitive functioning, reduce stress and anxiety, and improve academic and occupational performance. Aerobic exercise, resistance training, and yoga are all good options for adults with ADHD. Healthcare providers should encourage their patients with ADHD to engage in regular physical activity as part of a comprehensive treatment plan. Future research should investigate the optimal exercise program for adults with ADHD, including the type, duration, and intensity of exercise that is most effective.


Regular exercise can help improve cognitive functioning, reduce stress and anxiety, and improve academic and occupational performance in people with ADHD.



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